How Working is Defined: National Contexts and Demographic and Organizational Role Influences

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 – 2:27 pm -- charlotte Wittenkamp
TitleHow Working is Defined: National Contexts and Demographic and Organizational Role Influences
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsEngland, GW, Harpaz, I
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Volume11
Issue4
Pagination253 - 266
Date Published1990///
ISBN Number0894-3796
Abstract

<p>Six major ways in which individuals define the activity of working are empirically identified among national samples of employed labor force members in Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, Israel, Japan, the Netherlands and the U.S.A. Several types of exchanges being made between working individuals and their working environments are suggested. Primary emphasis is placed upon national similarities and differences in work definition pattern distributions in the six nations. Secondary emphasis is placed upon the influence of demographic context and organizational role context on work definition patterns. Finally, an argument is made for different levels of appropriateness for two specific work definition patterns in work forces of the future.</p>