Acculturation and Adaptation Revisited

Thu, 2011-11-10 14:27 -- charlotte Wittenkamp
TitleAcculturation and Adaptation Revisited
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsWard, C, Rana-Deuba, A
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume30
Issue4
Pagination422 - 442
Date Published1999///
ISBN Number0022-0221
Abstract

The research employed a new and recently developed instrument to examine the two dimensions (host and co-national identification) and four modes (integration, separation, marginalization, and assimilation) of acculturation and their relationship to sojourner adjustment. International aid workers in Nepal completed a questionnaire including the Acculturation Index and the assessments of psychological and sociocultural adjustment. Analyses revealed that strong co-national identification predicted enhanced psychological well-being, whereas strong host national identification was associated with better sociocultural adaptation. Acculturation styles also were related to adjustive outcomes. Sojourners who adopted an integrated style fared better psychologically than others, whereas those who assumed an assimilationist perspective experienced fewer social difficulties. The article highlights methodological issues pertaining to the measurement of acculturation and discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the use of categorical versus continuous data and mean comparisons versus correlational techniques in the analysis of the relationship among identification, acculturation, and sojourner adjustment.